Case study: managing rapid urban growth in a sustainable way in Curitiba
Curitiba is a capital city of the Parana state in Brazil. Nearly two million people live there. The city has had an urban master plan since the 1968. It is an excellent example of managing urban growth in a sustainable way. The master plan includes social, economic and environmental programmes. It includes:
Curitiba bendy bus. credit: Thomas Locke Hobbs
Curitiba bus system - a bus stop
- Creating and retaining parks and green space beside the rivers. This acts as a floodplain. When the Iguazu River floods, some areas created are used as boating lakes.
- The green spaces being dedicated to different ethnic and immigrant groups.
- Urban growth is restricted to corridors of growth - along key transport routes. Tall buildings are allowed only along bus routes.
- A bus rapid transit system operates. This is cheaper to run than a tube system. Some employers subsidise their employees who use it. 80% of travellers use it.
- The bus rapid transit system uses triple section bendy buses. It carries two million passengers a day. The bus fare is the same wherever you go. No one lives more than 400 metres from a bus stop.
- . These are free educational and internet centres.
- A green exchange programme. The urban poor bring their waste to neighbourhood centres. They can exchange their waste for bus tickets and food. This has many advantages, for example the urban poor areas are kept clean, despite waste trucks not being able to reach them easily.
- COHAB, the public housing programme, is providing 50,000 homes for the urban poor.
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