Environmental pollution essays are narrative essays that are based on experiences in our daily lives. These essays begin with general statements and reflections on the meaning of the topic and the importance of narrative such essays. The bodies and conclusions that are described in engaging ways with up to date statistical information on pollution which makes the reader always alert and fully invited and feel to be part of the story.
How to start
The environmental pollution essays henceforth may take the form of description of different types of pollution such as sound, water, air and soil among others. Therefore, the body describes the various types of environmental contamination in each paragraph. On a separate note, the essays might outline the consequences of pollution such as global warming, extinction of resources, health hazards on people and animals, and demolition of the ecosystem where by individual paragraphs describe agricultural activities, transportation, technology and industry, residences of people and their behaviors among others. At the introduction, there is usually a brief description of the terms such as environment and pollution followed by different types of pollution exhibited on the environment or the various consequences of pollution. These form the thesis statements that are elaborated in the subsequent sections.
Example of introduction for a pollution essay:
Man is the Main Polluter
“The term environment is referred to as the surrounding of the human being. Hence it includes air, plant, water, animal life, and non-living things among others. For the purpose of peaceful coexistence, man has to make sure that all these aspects of the environment are not tampered with and at all times effectively utilized and preserved for future generation. However, the current chaotic situation in the environment is a consequence of environmental pollution. Pollution is contamination of the natural environment by either human or natural actions without rectifying such activities to the extent that they become a health hazard to all the living things. In most cases, physical activities have been blamed for pollution such as earthquakes, cyclones, volcanic eruption, storms, rain and floods among others. However, man has been the greatest environmental polluter who has caused adverse impacts to him, others, plants, and animals. Thus, the essay describes man’s different activities that have caused environmental pollution.”
How to write the body
The body of the essay will delve into the various ways and activities that man engages in which lead to environmental pollution. Every activity is described in individual paragraphs where the first sentence denotes the point. This is followed by an elaboration of the point giving evidence to support the argument in a logical sequence. Furthermore, the writer joins all these statements interestingly using transitional words to ensure there is a flow so that the reader stays engaged. Each paragraph discusses a point separately though they are interconnected concerning the thesis statement regarding the topic.
Example of body paragraphs for an environmental pollution essay:
“One activity that man engages in is urbanization and population increase in an area. Therefore, the greatest activity that results is increased scatter of garbage and trash within his dwelling environment. Man dumps rubbish in every place that decay. However, most of this rubbish have toxic components that are released and permeate the soil to different water catchment areas such as rivers, oceans, seas, dams and boreholes. Furthermore, people directly throw garbage to these water areas which have formed special garbage islands, especially in oceans and seas. Sectors such as the Ganges River in Varanasi and Calcutta are highly polluted by waste which has bacteria hence have negatively impacted on the aquatic lives. People who live in such areas suffer from diseases such as cholera because they drink such raw water. Also, the garbage in such areas releases smell with the constant decay of materials which cause air pollution. Similarly, water is also polluted through industrial activities where items are processed or manufactured. The wastewater is channeled to rivers and seas in the locality. These waters are also contaminated with the highest levels which disrupt the aquatic life and the ecosystem such as the food chain.
Secondly, both the agriculture and the industrial sectors are activities responsible for water, air, soil and noise pollution. Man uses pesticides and fertilizers in his agricultural fields. These items have adverse effects on water, air, and soils. However, some factories that produce these chemicals have installed different water and air purification systems though such actions are minimal compared to industries existing in both developed and developing nations. Besides, many nations have not subscribed to global environmental protection programs due to the limitation of such activities in specific territories which further derails efforts to solve the universal problem.
Lastly, man is responsible for air pollution through factory emissions, burning of the fossil fuels, and transportation among others. The smoke emitted from such activities concentrates in the air that people breathe in. Consequently, this results in respiratory diseases, cancer, and vision problems among others. Also, dangerous gases are emitted in the air such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, chemical vapor and sulfur dioxide. The reaction of these gases combined with the cooling of the water vapor results in acid rains that corrode plants and other items on the earth surface. On the same note, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere from the industries is responsible for its high concentration that causes a blanket of the atmosphere. This leads to global warming which alters the natural processes on the earth.”
How to conclude
The conclusion of environmental pollution essays entails summary of the points discussed in the body as well as a reiteration of the thesis statement. This is followed by a challenging remark that challenges the reader to reevaluate the remedies as the best solution and challenge his way of thinking regarding the topic.
Example of conclusion for a pollution essay:
“In conclusion, man is noted as the greatest polluter of the environment. This is pegged on its devastating activities such as extraction and processing of resources, increase in population that leads to damping and scatter of garbage, increases industrial activities among others. Consequently, such activities have resulted in pollution of air, water, soil, and sound. These activities have negatively impacted on environment hence their related impacts include disrupted ecosystem, destruction of aquatic life, disease, global warming and acid rains among others. However, man has realized that environmental pollution is a global phenomenon hence he has laid measures to curb the problem and has called for action of rehabilitation, protection, and conservation of the environment. However, challenges do occur due to the existence of such measures in specific regions which hinder willful joining of hands to solve the problems.”
Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. These pollutants contaminates the environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities of living beings.
The major types of environmental pollution are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution.
Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, the world has witnessed severe rise in environmental pollution.
We all live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air and water the earth would be like the other planets – no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals and plants, but it also creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built. It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years.
Also read: Short paragraph on Pollution
But man, as the most intelligent animal, never stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content with the bounties of nature. His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring newer and wider avenues of mysteries that remained baffling so long. Man’s excursions into the darkest regions of mysteries laid foundations for the stupendous civilization, for the conquests of men had ensured their domination in their world and gave them a key to control all the forces in nature.
With the dawn of the age of science and technology, there has been huge growth and development of human potentials. And, it is here that man first began losing control and became prisoner of his own creations.
Also read: Pollution: Different Types of Pollution
Sources and Causes
The sources and causes of environmental pollution includes the following:
- Industrial activities: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water. The improper disposal of industrial wastes are the sources of soil and water pollution. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too as well as releasing fumes.
- Dumping solid waste: Household and commercial waste pollutes the environment when not disposed of properly.
- Vehicles: The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. The multiplication of vehicles, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the air we breathe. The harmful smoke of these vehicles causes air pollution. Further, the sounds produced by these vehicles produces causes noise-pollution.
- Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization and the rapid growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest harm to the plant life, which in turn causing harm to the animal kingdom and the human lives.
- Population overgrowth: Due to the increase in population, particularly in developing countries, there has been surge in demand for basic food, occupation and shelter. The world has witnessed massive deforestation to expand absorb the growing population and their demands.
- Combustion of fossil fuels: The combustion of fossil fuels pollutes the air, the soil and the water with noxious gases such as CO2 and CO.
- Agricultural waste: Fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture are key causes of environmental pollution.
Also read: Sources of Water, Air and Soil Pollution
Environmental Pollution can have devastating effects on sea life, on crops and on human health. It affects all plant, human and animal life in a negative way. Almost all of our gains in the fields of industrial progress, science and technology had so far been realized at the cost of our health. Even our flora and fauna were found to be threatened with extinction.
All this really leaves us wondering if all our achievements and industrial civilization really help us climb the peaks of prosperity or simply take us down the blind alleys of adversity. It is not only in India, but all over the world – even in Europe and U.S.A. – that the question is being raised whether all is well with our industrial growth and progress in the field of science and technology. Many crusaders against environmental pollution are vehemently protesting against the indiscriminate violations committed daily in the name of development.
The environmental pollution is not caused by the fall-out from nuclear tests or industries alone. The smoke left behind the automobiles and other vehicular traffic, the increasing use of synthetic detergents, nitrogen fertilizers and insecticides contaminate both air and water.
- The water we drink the vegetables are all contaminated to-day. As a result of this contamination our world is afflicted with a quite a number of incurable diseases.
- Environmental pollution affects water sources which mean that there is less fresh water available for drinking, washing, cooking and irrigating crops.
- Nothing in this world is immune, no life is safe and the future of this world is bleak.
- The factories are mostly built in populated areas and the smoke-emitting vehicles ply through the congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, there are increasing case of pulmonary tuberculosis and thrombosis and various sorts of brain and heart complications.
- Air-pollution may cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc.
- Soil-pollution may have negative effect on farm output ratio. It can also contaminate the ground water.
- Noise-pollution have negative effects on hearing or auditory sense organs. It can also cause deafness, tiredness, and mental losses.
- The heat generated by industries and vehicles causes thermal pollution by raising the environmental temperature of the nearby areas.
- Many scientists believe that we are living in an era of mass extinction, due to human made environmental pollution.
The birth of mills and factories is the result of the growth of industry in this machine-predominated age. As long as they will be there, they must emit smoke, pollute the air and hasten our end by slow-poisoning.
The worst industrial environment tragedy occurred at Bhopal on December 3, 1984 as a result of toxic and poisonous leakage of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a multi-national Union Carbide pesticides manufacturing plant. Over 2000 people including woman and children were killed, and hundreds were severely hurt.
What then is the remedy? A lot of pollution derives from human activity. As a result, it is we humans who will be able to stop pollution. But, there surely cannot be any radical solution, for the existing factories cannot be bodily lifted to a place far from the populated zone. However, the following attempts can be made to solve the problem of environmental pollution.
- The Government can at least see that future factories are set up at a distant place, an industrial complex far away from the township.
- Researcher may find out how to avoid harmful smoke from running vehicles.
- Deforestation should be stopped and Forestry should be developed.
- Discharge of Factory wastes in rivers should be banned so as to make the river-water free from pollution.
- Recycle the sewage or in all events it can be disposed of in such a way as to prevent it from polluting the environment.
- Reducing the amount that we buy, reusing and repairing items wherever possible, and recycling as much as we can will all help to reduce the amount of waste dumped in the environment. When we do need to throw away waste we should do so responsibly.
- Organic farming could be one solution for reducing environmental pollution levels.
- Using fewer plastics.
- Disposing of litter and chemicals responsibly.
- Burning fewer fossil fuels.
- The UN Conference on Human Environment was convened to study the profound changes in the relationship between man and his environment in the wake of modern scientific and technological developments.
- The World Health Organization also set up an international network for the monitoring and study of air pollution on a global scale and for devising possible remedies.
We can very well notice the abnormal behaviour of the seasons – the cycle developing clogs in its wheels; and the worried experts fear that the disturbed balance in the biosphere has assumed such serious proportion that very soon our world would be uninhabitable like Hiroshima of 1945. But it is heartening to find the entire world aware of the menace. Some of the advanced countries have already taken some measures to meet it. If we fail to restore the ecological balance right now, it would be too late tomorrow.
Updated with input article from ‘Laura’.
Category: Blog, EnvironmentTagged With: Environment, Pollution